BANERWYNIKIMATURY
Drukuj

British Culture Guide

Janusz Siwiorek .

The British Royal Family

Although they have no real power, the British royal family are still very important to the British people. In many ways they represent everything that is traditionally British. However, their different roles and positions can appear complicated and confusing.

There are no exact rules for who is part of the royal family and who is not, but there are certain members who are better known in Britain than others.

It can however get confusing as to how they are all related and what their roles are. It doesn’t help matters the fact that most of them have titles that they are referred to as well as their names. For example, many of the most important members are given HRH before their name, which stands for His/Her Royal Highness. Similarly, the monarch has HM, meaning His/Her Majesty.

Drukuj

American Culture Guide – September

Janusz Siwiorek .

In America, September signals an end and a beginning. For many U.S. students, it’s the end of summer vacation and time to head back to school. Many Americans look forward to cooler, crisper weather, and fall favorites like football and Labor Day picnics.

Celebrating Labor Day

09 2016 1Unlike most, this is a Monday to look forward to! On the first Monday of September, U.S. businesses and schools close to celebrate Labor Day. The first Labor Day took place in 1882 in New York City when many labor unions joined forces to celebrate workingmen in the city. The idea quickly spread throughout the country. In 1894, President Grover Cleveland named Labor Day a national holiday.

Drukuj

American Culture Guide – August

Janusz Siwiorek .

For many Americans, summer is a time to squeeze in as much outdoor fun as possible. You can take a trip to the beach, watch a ball game, hike at a park, or visit one of the iconic U.S. destinations in this month’s Culture Guide. August is a great time to get out and explore.

Historic Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

08 2016 1Take a trip to Gettysburg National Military Park, and get a close look at a noted chapter in American history. The three-day Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863 is considered a turning point of the Civil War, the war that defined the nation. Here, the Union Army defeated the Confederacy, and more than 30,000 soldiers were killed or wounded. The battlefields have been preserved as a 59,000 acre park. Its rolling hills are crisscrossed by hiking trials and 40 miles of roads that make it easy to explore this special site and its 14,000 monuments.

Drukuj

American Culture Guide – July

Janusz Siwiorek .

Americans first declared independence from the British Crown in July, making this a special month in America.
 

The Most Patriotic Day of the Year

07 2016 1On July 4, Americans celebrate the birth of the United States. Some grill a special outdoor meal with family and friends. Others go to the beach to relax, swim, and play. Nearly everyone looks forward to dazzling fireworks. Some of the biggest celebrations include the incredible fireworks show in the New York City, the Boston Pops Firework Spectacular in Boston and A Capitol Fourth in Washington, D.C.

Drukuj

American Culture Guide – June

Janusz Siwiorek .

Volunteering in your Community

06 2016 1Summer is a great time to take part in the proud American tradition of volunteering. Donating some of your free time to a project or service in your community is a great way to get to know local people. One date to keep in mind is June 8, World Oceans Day. This year’s theme is “Healthy Oceans, Healthy Planet,” and features activities that promote the prevention of plastic pollution in oceans. Whether you’re in Florida or Kansas, we can all make a difference. Also, Volunteer Match is another great resource for finding opportunities in your area. There really is no greater feeling than the satisfaction of helping others.

Drukuj

American Culture Guide – May

Janusz Siwiorek .

“The Most Exciting Two Minutes in Sports”

05 2016 1The Kentucky Derby horse race ends almost as quickly as it begins – but it’s a thrilling American tradition! Held every spring for more than 140 years, the Kentucky Derby is a 11-mile race for 3-year-old thoroughbreds held at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky. The Derby is the first of three races held every year that make up the U.S. Triple Crown. The next two races are called the Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes – and a horse must win all three to be the Triple Crown champion. Only 11 horses have accomplished this. Sir Barton was the first in 1919, and Secretariat is the most famous Triple Crown winner. The most recent Triple Crown winner was American Pharaoh in 2015.

Drukuj

American Culture Guide – April

Janusz Siwiorek .

American Literature

04 2016 1Great American Novel is a name Americans give to certain well-written stories with unforgettable characters. These books are special because they capture certain periods in American culture and history. One favorite is “The Great Gatsby” by F. Scott Fitzgerald. Set in the 1920s, this is the story of the wealthy and mysterious Jay Gatsby, who spends his life and a great deal of money trying to win back the woman he loves. It’s considered one of the greatest books from the 20th century. The novel was adapted into a 2013 film with the same name, starring Leonardo DiCaprio as Gatsby.

Drukuj

American Culture Guide - March

Janusz Siwiorek .

Women's History Month

03 2016 1In March, Americans celebrate the women who helped shape America, including those who fought for the right to vote in 1920. Schools all over the country dedicate this month to celebrating special American women, including Delilah L. Beasley, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Margaret Sanger. A number of museums, such as the Smithsonian, hold events to teach people during this historic month.

Drukuj

American Culture Guide – February

Janusz Siwiorek .

President’s Day

02 2016 1Presidents’ Day is a national holiday celebrated on the third Monday of February. It was first observed in 1879 to honor the life and accomplishments of America’s founding father, George Washington, who was born February 22, 1732.
This holiday was once called Washington’s Birthday. It was the first American holiday established to honor one of its own citizens. Washington was commander-in-chief of colonial forces during the Revolutionary War, and the country’s first president in 1789.
Washington also played a key role in bringing together different political parties and helped keep America out of foreign conflicts. After serving as president for two terms (eight years), he stepped down, believing there should be limits on the power of this role. Today, he is still known as one of the greatest presidents of the United States and regarded worldwide as a legendary patriot.

Drukuj

American Culture Guide – January

Janusz Siwiorek .

Martin Luther King, Jr., Civil Rights Leader

01 2016 1Martin Luther King Jr., was an important figure in the U.S. civil rights movement during the 1960s. King was a Baptist minister, political activist, and an amazing public speaker who fought against the discrimination of African Americans. He believed in creating political and social change through peaceful protest.
In 1963, King and other civil rights leaders organized the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. They led 250,000 protesters to the National Mall in Washington, D.C. At this event, King gave his famous “I Have a Dream” speech, calling for racial equality, from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.
The following year, with growing pressure from the public, the U.S. Congress passed the Civil Rights Act. This made it illegal to make decisions about jobs, education, public lodging, and transportation based on race or skin color. This was followed in 1965 by the Voting Rights Act, making racial discrimination in voting illegal.
On April 4, 1968, King was assassinated at a motel in Memphis, Tennessee. Two months later, presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy was assassinated as well. Kennedy was also a civil rights leader and President John F. Kennedy’s younger brother. These events were part of what made the 1960s one of the most unsettled periods in U.S. history.
In 1983, Congress established a federal holiday marking King’s birthday (January 15, 1929). The holiday is observed on the third Monday in January each year. This year it falls on January 18.
In 1994, Congress named the holiday as a national day of service. As a way of improving their communities and paying tribute to King, Americans are encouraged to spend the day volunteering for a national or local cause.